A wide range of risks/ shocks, including climate change and natural disaster, has been affected coastal systems, poor people especially living in the fragile environment. On the other hand, there is lack of understanding among the policy makers, civil society and academicians about inter-dependency of human and nature, which can develop sustainable/ resilience coastal environment in order to stand against a large number of shocks. Odisha, alternatively called as disaster capital of India, has been experienced a number of major disasters (e.g. flood, cyclone and drought etc) in the last century. As a result, the livelihoods of the people living in the coastal eco-system are severely affected. Importantly, the recent scientific report (e.g. Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change: IPCC) has reported that the frequency and intensity of these major extreme events will very likely to be increased in the decade to come. It therefore needs to develop a society that sustain against not only ongoing shocks but also up-coming events. Henceforth, there is an excited amplification of initiatives to address issues associated with disaster risk management.
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